Where We’ve Been
Movement I was a massive and terrifying portrait of death.
And now …
Mahler asked that there be a five minute pause between the first and second movement of this symphony. (Not every conductor will do this, however, especially if the concert is being recorded for broadcast.) The main reason for this pause is quite simply that this movement sounds nothing like the one before it. It’s not just the fact that this is the slow movement of the symphony. It’s almost as if we’ve started listening to another symphony entirely. . . at first glance. What is happening in this movement is that Mahler, after confronting us with death in the first movement, is now taking a nostalgic look back at the past, and reminding us of the “good old days”. The way he does this is to bring in the music of a ländler (an old Austrian dance).
The movement is in five sections, which are pretty easy to distinguish from one another:
(0:00) Section 1 is the first appearance of the dance. Just like a glorious waltz from a 30s movie, it sweeps in very delicately with lots of sliding strings and Viennese charm.
(2:04) Section 2 is a rather agitated-sounding theme that completely contrasts with the laid-back charm of the dance.
(3:50) Section 3 is a more elaborate return of the dance.
(5:58) Section 4 is the agitated theme again, but this time it enters in loudly, casting a dark shadow over everything.
(8:27) Section 5, however, brings us out the other side. The dance returns, but this time the strings play pizzicato (plucked), making it the most delicate moment in the whole symphony. Very gently, the movement winds to a close, ending with three plucks like the first movement. But where those plucks were ominous, these plucks are charming and graceful.